POETRY/FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE

  • Writers often use RHYME, RHYTHM, and FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE in their writing and poetry.

    RHYME is the repetition of similar sounds at the end of words. 
    RHYTHM is a strong regular repeated pattern of movement or sound. 

    An example of a poem with rhyme and rhythm is:

     

    The Wise Old Owl

    There was an old owl who lived in an oak;
    The more he heard, the less he spoke.
    The less he spoke, the more he heard,
    Why aren't we like that wise old bird?

     

    Figurative Language involves words or phrases that do not have the normal everyday meaning.  Figurative language is used by a writer for the sake of comparison or dramatic effect.

     

    Alliteration: 
    Repetition of the same initial
    letter or sound in a group of words.


    Idiom
    Phrase or expression that has hidden meanings.  It doesn't mean exactly what the words say.

    EXAMPLES:
    Mary made meatloaf.

    Coca-Cola Classic is my favorite soda.


    EXAMPLES:
    I have a frog in my throat.

    The class went bananas.

     


     

    Metaphor:
    Comparison of 2 unlike things without the use of "like" or "as". It states a fact or draws a verbal picture, by saying you are something. 

     

    Personification:
    Giving human characteristics to animals or objects

     

     

    EXAMPLES:
    All the world is a stage.

    She has a stone heart.

     

    EXAMPLES:
    The sun played hide and seek with the clouds.

    The stars in the sky winked and blinked.

     

    Onomatopoeia
    Words that imitate sounds

     

    Simile
    Comparison between 2 things using "like" or "as".

     

    Hyperbole: 
    An extreme exaggeration

    EXAMPLES:  CRASH! 

    BOOM!

     

    EXAMPLES:
    My mom is as busy as a bee.

    She is as sweet as candy.

     

    EXAMPLES:
    He snores louder than a freight train.

    I'll just die if I can't go to the party.